What is Cartinine?

Published: 28th March 2006
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Article on Catinine







What is Cartinine



A compound involved in transferring fatty acids across mitochondrial membranes. A naturally occurring cell constituent that modulates fat METABOLISM, in particular the mitochondrial intake of LIPID derivatives. L-carnitine has been proposed as a treatment for WASTING SYNDROME and the MYOPATHY associated with AZT (ZIDOVUDINE).



Funtions OF Cartinine in body:


1 -As An form of amino acid essential for the breakdown of fat into energy. Carnitine may improve the utilization of fats for energy and can be beneficial in conditions associated with impaired fat breakdown and energy production. Carnitine may be beneficial in heart disease, enhancing physical performance, Alzhiemers disease, diabetes, liver disease, and protection against drug toxicity.



2- Carnitine is an amino acid responsible for transport of fatty acids into a cell's mitochondria. It is often sold as a nutritional supplement.





3 - Carnitine (L-Carnitine) is a pseudo-amino acid with vitamin status (Vitamin Bt). It helps regulate fat metabolism and lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is very important for the heart, where it prevents fatty build-up. It also prevents the build-up of ketones (fat waste-products) in the blood, and aids in weight loss. Another form, Acetyl-L-Carnitine (see separate listing) plays a key role in maintaining normal brain and nerve functions in the elderly. It is also an excellent anti-oxidant, and increases cerebral blood flow. It improves short-term memory and depression, and stabilizes circadian hormonal rhythms, similar to melatonin.



4 - (beta-hydroxy-gamma-N-trimiethylamino-butyrate) Responsible for the transport of long chain fatty acids into mitochondria.



5 - A substance made in the muscles and liver, and also found in certain foods such as meat, poultry, fish, and some dairy products. The body needs carnitine to make energy from fat.



Primary Carnitine Deficiency:


Primary carnitine deficiency is a condition that prevents the body from using fats for energy, particularly during periods without food. Carnitine, a natural substance acquired mostly through diet, is used by cells to process fats and produce energy. People with primary carnitine deficiency have defective proteins called carnitine transporters, which bring carnitine into cells and prevent its escape from the body.



Carnitine Uptake Deficiency :

Primary carnitine deficiency is a condition that prevents the body from using fats for energy, particularly during periods without food. Carnitine, a natural substance acquired mostly through diet, is used by cells to process fats and produce energy. People with primary carnitine deficiency have defective proteins called carnitine transporters, which bring carnitine into cells and prevent its escape from the body.



carnitine uptake defect:


Primary carnitine deficiency is a condition that prevents the body from using fats for energy, particularly during periods without food. Carnitine, a natural substance acquired mostly through diet, is used by cells to process fats and produce energy. People with primary carnitine deficiency have defective proteins called carnitine transporters, which bring carnitine into cells and prevent its escape from the body.





Other Forms Of Amino Acid:


Alanine


Arginine


Cysteine


Glutamine


Glycine


L-Lysine


Leucine


Methionine


N-Acetyl-Cysteine


Ornithine


Phenylalanine


Taurine


Tyrosine









Author By James John

Video Source: Youtube


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